Majdanek concentration camp is situated a mere 2 miles from the centre of Lublin. Its name derived from the name of the suburb it resided in. It opened as a labor camp in 1941 but later, as Jews began arriving, became a death camp until liberation on July 22 1944. It is estimated that between 80000 and 120000 Jews were murdered there , those who didn’t dies of starvation or illness, were often hanged, shot or gassed. The biggest mass murder happened on 3rd November 1943 when 16000 Jews were taken to the fields at the back of the camp and shot. Today Majdanek stands almost intact as the Nazis had no time to destroy the camp when the Russians arrived.