Kazimierz Dolny, situated on the Vistula River has been a home for Jewish families since medieval times. Before 1939, Jews made up about 65% of the town. A large market square stands as the center of the town, rebuilt today to maintain its outer appearance, it still has the feel of an old market town.
The old Synagogue was returned to the Jewish community and is now a museum. Just outside of the town stands a monument on the site of the New Cemetery.